By Luganda David AFMC/NECJOGHA
Kampala, Uganda – The Uganda National Meteorological Authority (UNMA) has released a ten day forecast to mark the end of July.
According to UNMA the rainfall forecast for the period between July 21st and July 31st July indicates that rainfall activity is expected to prevail over northern part of the country particularly in Karamoja, Lango, Acholi and West Nile sub regions including adjacent areas to Lake Albert , southern areas of Lake Kyoga and upper lying areas of mountain Elgon.
In contrast, areas in the southern cattle corridor, as well as those flanking western part of Lake Victoria and most areas in south western are likely to experience a reduction in, or no rainfall activity.
As we refocus from rainfall to temperature extremes, the highest maximum temperatures from 30°C to 32°C are expected in the northern part of the country particularly in the districts of West Nile sub region and those of Acholi adjacent to it.
However, the lowest minimum temperatures of about 8°C to 10°C are projected to occur and impact over the south western tip of the country, the mountains of Rwenzori and Elgon.
Overall, the lowest minimum temperatures of about 12°C are expected in the southern sector of country, right from the west of river Nile as you drift off from Lake Kyoga in Busoga sub region advancing towards the southern tip of Lake Albert.
Farmers are advised to carry out the following
- The farming population of northern and north eastern is advised to construct drainage channels across and around their crop parcels for all those located in low lying areas to reduce water logging. Water logging is often associated with delayed cultivation, decay of crop roots and reduction in maturity period of crops.
- Undertake tree planting to reduce damaging impact of strong winds and this is also a source of livelihood because trees can be sold to obtain money.
- Any crop harvests should be dried on clean facilities (such as tarpaulin, large flat surface stony areas) to avoid compromising quality.
- Undertake natural water harvesting by directing run off to depressions or trenches to provide water for cultivation and animals whenever it falls.
- Harvest water by any possible means using storage facility which can be earthen pots, rooftop systems, surface reservoirs or small pits about 2 metres long to a depth of 5 to 15 centimetres filled with organic matter.
- Pruning of tree cops should be undertaken as well as mulching which is critical for moisture conservation.
- Monitor and report any emergence of crop pests, animal parasites and plant diseases to technical staff at Sub County and district.
- There is a potential upsurge of malaria among the farming population due to relaxation in rainfall activity which offers a fertile ground for breeding. Therefore mosquito nets should be used at all times.