Madrid, Spain – On Monday, at the opening of the talks, UN secretary general António Guterres expressed his “deep gratitude” to Spain for organising the summit “in record time”, which he described as no less than a “miracle”.
“This summit should have the capacity to give a very strong boost to climate action,” he said and called on “every government to say that their commitments taken in Paris will be firmly increased.”
This push for ambition was seconded by European Climate Foundation CEO Laurence Tubiana: “What we need as a success for that Cop is only one thing: a big number of countries saying yes next year we will be there with new commitments for 2030 and mid century strategy that are consistent with the Paris Agreement.” (In case you missed it, our report on this emerging side of the talks is here).
Negotiations got off to a contentious start on Monday when African nations demanded the meeting consider giving the continent “special circumstances” – conferring preferential access to funding and capacity building.
The Paris Agreement recognises the special circumstances of least developed countries and small island states. There are 20 African nations outside these groups, including larger economies such as Egypt, South Africa, Nigeria and Morocco. This has been a running issue since 2015.
Cop25 president Carolina Schmidt said an “informal consultation” will be held on the issue during the talks. She “urged” countries to “recognise” Africa’s special circumstances, cracking open a diplomatic can of worms.
Latin American countries – apart from Chile – were unhappy with the decision and demanded they too be considered for special circumstances. Saudi Arabia warned if Latin American countries were considered for special needs so should the Arab group.
Aosis chair Lois Young said small island states do “not support any negotiations that would de facto renegotiate the Paris Agreement”.
In scenes reminiscent of 2017, a US congressional delegation led by speaker of the House of Representatives Nancy Pelosi, is at Cop25. “We came here to say ‘we’re still in’”, said Pelosi on Monday.
The slogan was championed by a coalition of progressive politicians, governors, cities and businesses after Donald Trump announced his intention to withdraw from the Paris Agreement. Less than a month ago, the White House started the formal process of pulling out.
It was the first day of the new EU commission’s term in office, but in a show of European force commission president Ursula von der Leyen, EU Council president Charles Michel and EU parliament president David Sassoli all made the trip to Madrid to attend the opening of the Cop. Meanwhile we published this excellent in-depth look by EURACTIV at the continent’s sweeping legislation to reach net-zero and the politics that may just see it become law.