During the month of May 2020, which coincides with the lean season, approximately 42,000 people (0.4%) were classified in Emergency (IPC Phase 4), while approximately 1,402,000 people (13%) were classified in Crisis (IPC Phase 3), 3,919,000 (36%) in Stress (IPC Phase 2) and 5,587,000 (51%) as Food Secure (IPC Phase 1).
During the projected period, which will coincide with the second harvest period of 2020, i.e. from June to August 2020, there could be a decrease in the population in Crisis and Emergency phases to about 859,000 people (8%), i.e. 42,000 in Emergency (0.4%) and 817,000 (7%) in Crisis.
For the same projected analysis period, 3,108,000 people, or 28%, were classified in Stress (IPC Phase 2) and 6,983,000 people (64%) in Food Security (IPC Phase 1).
Where and who: For the current analysis period, as well as for the projected period, all Livelihood Zones have been classified in Stress (IPC Phase 2). However, a portion of the populations in these same zones are in Emergency (IPC Phase 4) and others in Crisis (IPC Phase 3).
The most affected areas are those in the Congo Nile Ridge, High Altitude and Imbo, which have at least 15% of the population in IPC Phase 3 and above. In addition, it should be noted that the populations classified in IPC Phase 4 are mainly in the Imbo zone, where households experienced various shocks between 2019 and early 2020.
Why: Heavy rains followed by floods, hail, landslides and the consequences of COVID-19 mitigation measures were the main factors aggravating the acute food insecurity of very poor households, which are vulnerable to any shock to food insecurity.
According to the IOM, hazard monitoring reports and rapid intersectoral assessments, the rising waters of Lake Tanganika and the flooding of rivers flowing into the lake washed away nearly 1,500 hectares of crops, 6,914 family dwellings and displaced 17,792 people from the Gatumba area.
The landslides that have occurred in the communes of Bugarama, Muhuta and Rumonge in Rumonge, Musigati of Bubanza and Mugina of Cibitoke since the end of 2019 have, for their part, swept away nearly 1,000 hectares of crops and 797 houses, also causing 1,950 displaced persons.
Furthermore, the halt in cross-border movements, which is one of the measures to limit the spread of the COVID-19 pandemic, has meant that households in the Livelihood Zones of Imbo Plain (the most affected by the floods), Congo Nile Ridge, Eastern Depressions, Eastern Dry Plateaux and Buragane have been able to sell their labour in the DRC and Tanzania, on which they depend, especially during the lean season, and to trade there.