Below average rainfall in the Greater Horn of Africa for the start of March Dryness with mostly below average rainfall was recorded over the Greater Horn of Africa (Figure 1)

 Scattered little to light rains only fell over western and central portions of Ethiopia and southwestern Kenya, says FEWSNET

FEWS NET, the Famine Early Warning Systems Network, is a leading provider of early warning and analysis on acute food insecurity around the world. Created in 1985 by the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) in response to devastating famines in East and West Africa

According to FEWSNET, the Famine Early Warning Systems Network, dryness was registered in South Sudan, northern Uganda, southern Kenya, and parts of northern Tanzania. Below average rainfall for the March – May rainfall season was recorded in the region. Below-average rainfall was present over southwestern and eastern Ethiopia, southern South Sudan, and northern Uganda. Meanwhile, above-average rainfall was observed over parts of southern Kenya and bordering northern Tanzania.

According to the vegetation health index analysis, poor conditions are present over much of Kenya, portions of Somalia and Ethiopia. Small swarms of desert locusts persist over already-affected areas of the Horn of Africa despite control operations. Reports indicated that desert locust outbreaks have returned to the Kilimanjaro Region and grazing land in northeastern Tanzania.

 During the outlook period, dry conditions with mostly below average rainfall are to continue over eastern Africa. In contrast, Rwanda, Burundi, and central Tanzania are expected to receive average rainfall

Consistent rainfall recorded across eastern Zambia, Malawi, and northern Mozambique. Rainfall reported above average in eastern Namibia, Botswana, central and eastern Zambia, Malawi, much of Mozambique, western and central Madagascar (Figure 2).

Heavy rainfall was concentrated over central and eastern Zambia, Malawi, northern Mozambique, and western Madagascar. Heavy downpours continued over eastern Zambia, Malawi, northern Mozambique, and western Madagascar. Very little rainfall was registered over a wide area of southern Africa from southern Angola, Namibia, Botswana, much of South Africa, southwestern Zambia, southern Zimbabwe, to southern Mozambique. Below average rainfall has remained over Angola, northwestern Namibia, southern South Africa, and eastern Madagascar

African Migratory Locust (AML) swarms have increased over the hotspots of southeastern Angola, northeastern Namibia, northwestern and northeastern Botswana, southern and western Zambia. Brown locust outbreaks were also reported to revisit over the Central and Upper Karoo Regions of South Africa. The locust outbreaks have already destroyed crops over some areas and could threaten ongoing maturing crops. While heavy rainfall is forecast to persist through central Angola, eastern Zambia, Malawi, and northern Mozambique, below average rainfall is expected elsewhere. The forecasted below average rains could further increase dryness in many areas

Read the full FEWSNET Global Weather Hazards Summary: REPORT


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