Climate change may not be a direct driver of conflict, but it is a risk multiplier. Human and national security issues centre around livelihood threats and finding an inclusive approach that takes into consideration the local dynamics is important in addressing climate related security risks. Of the ten countries hosting the largest peace operation staff globally, eight of them are in areas exposed to climate change, which makes the question on the impact of climate change on the peace building process important.
The communique of the 26 November 2021 African Union (AU) Peace and Security Council (PSC) meeting notes that extreme weather patterns that manifest as floods, droughts, heatwaves, forest fires, storms, cyclones, the rise of sea levels and changing, unpredictable rainfall patterns, have a negative and disproportionate impact on Africa’s ability to achieve its economic and development goals, as set out in Agenda 2063.
There is an urgent need for regional response to climate and environmental security as environmental stresses and competition over dwindling resources present one of the most pressing threats to the region. This calls for a systematic regional approach to climate security.
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